Month: June 2022

Tips on how to Deal with Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is when a person’s breathing continuously stops and resumes while sleeping. Daytime tiredness, loud snoring, and restless sleep are all symptoms.

Usually, people with sleep apnea also have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Sleep Apnea(SA) occurs due to a physical blockage in the upper airway. Another kind, central sleep apnea (CSA), is caused by a neural system signaling issue.

One will stop breathing if the airway closes and the signal is not received. This will occasionally happen during sleep, but it will recur repeatedly if not use sleep apnea pillow. They may snore, take a big breath, or awaken with a sense of gasping, smothering, or choking when they breathe again.

Sleep apnea, if left uncared for, can lead to depression and heart disease. It can also cause drowsiness, increasing the risk of driving or working accidents.

This article will learn more about the symptoms, treatment, and other factors when dealing with sleep apnea.

Tips on how to Deal with Sleep apnea

Symptoms of sleep apnea

Someone with sleep apnea is not usually aware of this condition until another person observes while they are asleep.

The General symptom includes:

The significantly visible symptoms of the individual include:

  • decreased libido and erectile dysfunction
  • difficulty concentrating
  • fatigue
  • headaches
  • heartburn
  • insomnia
  • irritability
  • sore throat

Causes of sleep apnea

Various factors can contribute to the blocking or collapse of the airway. They include the following:

  • thickened tissues and additional fat stores around the airway
  • nasal congestion
  • lax muscles and other tissues in the mouth and throat
  • an underlying neurological problem

These can result from:

  • thyroid problems
  • obesity
  • swollen tonsils
  • kidney or heart failure
  • genetic factors
  • colds and allergies
Tips on how to Deal with Sleep apnea

Treatment of sleep apnea

Sleep apnea treatment aims to normalize breathing during sleep and address any underlying health problems. The options will depend on the cause and severity of the symptoms.

  1. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy

Surgery is the most common treatment for sleep apnea. It keeps the airway open by gently delivering a constant stream of positive pressure air through a mask.

Some patients find CPAP challenging to tolerate and stop using it before noticing any long-term benefits. However, several things can be done to make the equipment more comfortable, and the adjusting process goes more smoothly.

The mask’s settings and appearance can be altered. Nasal issues can be alleviated by moistening the air passing through the mask.

  1. Lifestyle therapy

Normalizing breathing requires lifestyle changes, which are critical first stages in treating sleep apnea. Self-care may be the best method for you to deal with obstructive sleep apnea in many circumstances. 

They include:

  • developing healthy sleeping habits
  • following a heart-healthy diet
  • quitting smoking
  • managing weight
  • limiting alcohol consumption
  • Lose weight if you’re overweight: If you’re overweight or obese, even a tiny amount of weight loss can assist reduce airway tightness. Losing weight can enhance your health and quality of life and help you sleep better throughout the day.
  • Exercise regularly: Exercising, such as aerobic and weight training, can help you get in better shape. Aim for 200 minutes of activity every week, and aim to exercise on most days of the week.
  • Use an allergy medication or nasal decongestant.
  • Don’t sleep on your back: Instead of sleeping on your back, try sleeping on your side or stomach. When you sleep on your back, your tongue and soft palate might lay against the back of your throat, obstructing your airway.
  • Avoid taking sedative medications such as sleeping pills and anti-anxiety drugs.
  • Avoid alcohol and medications such as anti-anxiety drugs and sleeping pills. Alcohol, anti-anxiety medications, and some sleeping pills can worsen obstructive sleep apnea and sleepiness.
  • To prevent sleeping on your back, try sewing a tennis ball in the back of your pajama top or place pillows behind you while you sleep on your side.
Tips on how to Deal with Sleep apnea

While sleeping, keep your nasal passages open. Use a saline nasal spray to keep your nasal passages open if you have congestion. Consult your doctor before using nasal decongestants or antihistamines, as some treatments may only be prescribed for a short period.

  1. Surgery

People with OSA might have their airways widened through various surgical treatments. Excess or larger tonsils can be removed, or obstructive tissue can be stiffened or shrunk.

MRD (mandibular repositioning device) is a custom-made oral appliance for those who have mild to moderate OSA.

During sleep, the mouthpiece holds the jaw forward to widen the space below the tongue. This keeps the upper airway open and prevents snoring and apnea.

An MRD’s side effects could include worsening temporomandibular joint dysfunction and jaw pain.

  1. Medication

Some medications may be helpful, but only after consulting a sleep specialist. Here are some examples:

  • zolpidem
  • triazolam
  • acetazolamide

These, however, may have serious side effects and are not fit for everyone.

When to see a doctor

Sleep apnea has been linked to various health problems, including the inability to concentrate, depression, heart attack, and stroke. It may also increase the risk of hypertension.

Although the link between the two disorders isn’t always evident, anyone with sleep apnea should get medical help because it could suggest an underlying issue.

Although the person may be unaware of their sleep apnea, a sleeping partner or another household member may notice it and alert them.

If these steps don’t help you sleep better or your apnea is moderate to severe, your doctor may suggest alternative therapies. A clogged airway can be supported with the use of specific devices. In some circumstances, surgery is required.

Caution

Because of the high occurrence of sleep apnea in heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias, doctors advise that you seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

If you think you could have obstructive sleep apnea, you’ll probably start by seeing your primary care physician. Your doctor may recommend a sleep specialist.

Avoid driving if you’re drowsy. Daytime tiredness might increase your risk of a car accident if you have obstructive sleep apnea. Schedule rest breaks to stay safe. Avoid driving if a close friend or family member tells you you appear sleepier than you feel.

Answers to questions on sleep apnea

Have you heard about sleep apnea? What exactly can you say about sleep apnea (SA)? We know it’s normal for several questions about SA to cross your mind. We are here to provide adequate answers to some questions about SA. Therefore, you need to stay focused and shun all distractions right now. For clarity, we would start by giving a brief explanation about SA. 

What is sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is a life-threatening sleep disorder that can affect one’s breathing. SA happens when breathing stops and starts repeatedly. Have you ever experienced that? Of course, you might not know. One of the common symptoms of SA is loud snoring during sleep. However, some schools of thought came out to defend the assertion that people who snore loudly are battling sleep apnea. They said other things might cause one to snore loudly while sleeping. It could be a wrong sleeping position.   

What are the types of SA?

There are two major types of SA which are; OSA and CSA. The OSA means obstructive sleep apnea, which occurs when the throat muscles relax. It occurs when the muscles in the back of one’s throat relax disproportionately to allow normal breathing. Also, central sleep apnea occurs when one’s brain doesn’t send the appropriate signal to the muscles that control breathing. And once the powers holding breathing fail to receive the proper signal from the brain, central sleep apnea will occur.

Also read: Fears you might experience with LASIK laser eye surgery sydney

What are the symptoms of SA? 

One of the most common symptoms of SA is snoring loudly at night. However, there are other symptoms of this sleep disorder. It could be morning headache, irritability, insomnia, hypersomnia, and difficulty staying asleep. You might be wondering if loud snoring is among the symptoms of sleep apnea. Some people assume that snoring is a natural case that cannot be controlled. That’s not true. When one snores loudly, something is wrong. Of course, such a person might be suffering or battling sleep apnea. Other symptoms are; awakening with a dry mouth, difficulty paying attention while awake, and occurrences in which one stops breathing during sleep.

How do I know if I’m battling with SA?

The best way to know if one is battling with SA is by doing a polysomnogram. Polysomnogram is a sleep study that can be used to detect sleep apnea. During the study, a sleep specialist will monitor you while you’re asleep. The sleep specialist will hook you up with some equipment. The equipment will monitor your brain activity and blood oxygen. Also, your heart rate and breathing pattern will be observed while sleeping. Of course, the study’s outcome will help your doctor make a perfect diagnosis.

Answers to questions on sleep apnea

What do I do after it is crystal clear that I have SA?

The first and the best thing to do is to consult your doctor. You need to explain how you’re feeling to your doctor. Please don’t engage in self-medication. Let every step you take to control your sleep come from your doctor. There’s nothing much to say here. It is the duty of your doctor or your sleep specialist to tell you what to do. 

How long does a study take?

Although no one can be precise about this question because it varies, the sleep study typically takes nine to ten hours. It depends on how the sleep specialists handle it. Once you enter the sleep center, you’ll need to spend some time talking to the sleep specialist, and he’ll explain the process to you. Attaching monitors and other study equipment for the study should take less than forty-five minutes. After the equipment has been fixed on you, the actual sleeping study will require six hours to take proper records. 

Does SA have any adverse effects? 

SA reduces one’s quality of sleep. And this can have a cumulative effect. So, several consequences might occur if one is deprived of sleep. Do you know that if SA is left untreated, one can lose memory? Of course, it’s possible. Irritability can also set in. One can have an accident while driving. 

Are there complications? 

Of course, SA can cause many health complications. When one breathing stops, the oxygen level in one’s blood can drop. This drop can strain one’s cardiovascular system. And this can make one’s heart works harder. People with sleep apnea are prone to have high blood pressure, abnormal heartbeats, and diabetes. If sleep apnea is left untreated, one can have a heart attack and stroke. There are countless people with heart disease resulting from untreated sleep apnea. 

Answers to questions on sleep apnea

How can SA be treated?

The perfect treatment for SA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). CPAP is a machine commonly prescribed for treating SA. This device is specifically designed to treat and regulate airflow in the airways. Remember, we mentioned obstructive sleep apnea as the most common type/cause of sleep apnea. So, OSA causes interruptions in one’s breathing because one’s throat is temporarily blocked. Hence, a CPAP machine helps to send a steady flow of air into one’s nose and mouth while asleep. This incredible machine is a medical tool that normalizes the flow of pressurized air into one’s nose and mouth. It helps to keep one’s airways open; then, one can breathe normally. 

Is CPAP hard to sleep with? 

Continuous positive airway pressure machines for home use are usually small. These machines are small. One needs to put on a mask over one’s nose. The mask is connected to the tubing and the CPAP machine itself. People are already used to CPAP machines, so they don’t see it as something they can’t sleep with. However, those that are just using a continuous positive airway pressure machine should keep the benefit of this machine in mind. So, after using this machine for weeks and you’re not comfortable sleeping with it, you can consult your sleep specialist to help you out. Perhaps your sleep doctor only needs to adjust the pressure on the machine or suggest another continuous positive airway pressure mask that’ll make you look more comfortable. There’s always a way out if you have an uncomfortable mask.  

On a final note

Dear reader, we hope some crucial questions about SA have been answered. Finally, if you have any questions regarding this topic, don’t hesitate to drop them in the comment box.    

Fears you might experience with LASIK laser eye surgery sydney

Many individuals who are contemplating LASIK eye surgery have voiced a number of reservations. One of the most common questions we get is, “What if I blink during my procedure?” One of the most common concerns among prospective applicants is the likelihood of blinking or moving their eyes during LASIK laser eye surgery or other laser vision correction procedures. However, the use of modern technology and other protections taken during treatment should ease these concerns.

A patient has little control over whether or not their laser eye surgery sydney will go awry. We use advanced tracking technology to monitor your eye location, which measures your eye position a thousand times every second. It constantly travels at the same speed as your eye, ensuring that it is perfectly centered. It’s conceivable that the eye may move quickly, in which case the laser will shut off and resume after the eye has stopped moving. If required, we may even turn off the laser manually.

Fears you might experience with LASIK

Throughout the operation, numbing drops will be administered to increase your comfort and reduce the probability of you moving your eyes. During the procedure, a small medical device is used to keep the eyelids open in order to prevent blinking. As a result, you won’t be able to shut your eyes or blink throughout the procedure to prevent pain. Your eye will not grow dry and you will not feel the need to blink because we utilize eye drops to maintain the surface of your eye moist. Furthermore, our staff takes many steps to guarantee that you are in the most comfortable position possible throughout your treatment. Keep in mind that LASIK eye surgery is a short process that takes just a few minutes to complete, and there are various safeguards in place to reduce the risk of complications.

It’s no surprise that laser surgery is today’s most popular laser vision correction procedure, and for good reason. Continuous advancements in laser technology and ophthalmology have opened the way for surgeries that are both safer and more successful, resulting in better visual outcomes for patients.

Many individuals have phobias, some of which are reasonable and others which are not. Irrational fears, sometimes known as “phobias,” are common throughout medical and surgical procedures. This is mostly owing to the fact that many patients are unfamiliar with either the procedure or the end result.

Fears you might experience with LASIK

The scenario is the same as previously when it comes to LASIK surgery. Most people who are considering it are unaware of what to anticipate, which only adds to their worry. Some individuals are so afraid of the surgery that they refuse to have it done on them. Nonetheless, LASIK has become a very common and safe procedure in recent years when performed by educated and experienced physicians. To assuage the majority of LASIK fears, all that is necessary is a basic understanding of how the surgery works, what to anticipate throughout the simple procedure, and the method’s current high success rate.

The most common LASIK fears, and why you shouldn’t be worried about them.

1. The dread of permanently losing one’s eyesight.

Patients who are contemplating LASIK surgery have expressed anxiety that the operation may result in them losing their eyesight permanently. According to the Food and Drug Administration, no cases of blindness have been documented as a consequence of a LASIK procedure. In actuality, the chance of serious complications after LASIK surgery is less than one percent. This 1% will be non-existent due to the scarcity of qualified and experienced surgeons. Furthermore, it is uncommon for your vision to decline after the procedure, and any slight visual anomalies may be quickly corrected with post-operative retreatment.

2. Concerns about the laser colliding with the eye

Who, after all, wouldn’t be scared of being hit by a laser beam? One of the most prevalent concerns among patients is that they will be exposing a very sensitive bodily component, the eye, to a laser. You shouldn’t be afraid, however, since the laser only makes short contact with your eye. There’s no need to worry about things going wrong if you move your head or blink your eye since the treatment is done using cutting-edge technology. Patients who are worried about blinking should rest assured that this will not happen since a special eye retainer is used to keep the eye open during the therapy.

Fears you might experience with LASIK

3. The fear of feeling pain throughout the LASIK treatment.

Remove this feeling of fear as quickly as feasible. You will feel very little pain throughout the LASIK procedure. The treatment is carried out while you are awake and takes no more than 5 minutes. Only mild anaesthetic will be needed and numbing drops will be administered to make your eyes comfortable throughout the process. Some folks have reported feeling a little pressure but not being bothered in the least.

Gather all pertinent medical information for your eye surgery LASIK appointment. It’s critical that your doctor has all of the details. Any ocular or medical issues, medications, or allergies should be disclosed. Only the information you willingly submit to your doctor will be used, so be thorough. Don’t attempt to predict what your doctor thinks is important. Let them make their own decisions.

Hydration Prior to Surgery

Water makes about 60% of your body. Water is required for the proper functioning of every cell, tissue, and organ. Water hydrates the body, washes out waste, and aids in the healing process. Because laser eye surgery may cause your eyes to become momentarily dry, hydrate from the inside out. Using over-the-counter artificial tears to deal with post-treatment dryness is also a good idea.

There are no disadvantages to being hydrated! At least eight 8-ounce glasses of water should be consumed each day. Avoid alcohol the day after LASIK surgery since it might dehydrate you and interfere with your LASIK medications.

Can I drink coffee before LASIK eye surgery?

You should remain calm and relaxed during the procedure. Caffeine dehydrates you and reduces your ability to relax, concentrate, and remain still while operating.

Is it OK to drink alcohol before LASIK?

Before your laser eye surgery, there are no restrictions on what you may drink. However, we strongly advise you to abstain from drinking alcohol on the day of your treatment. Caffeine and alcohol both dehydrate the body. We want to avoid anything that can aggravate your dry eyes, especially if you have them before LASIK. You will also be given an oral sedative to help you relax before surgery, but it should not be used with alcohol. During the procedure, you must remain alert, and drinking may affect concentration. You’ll take an oral pain reliever right after LASIK eye surgery that, like the preoperative sedative, should not be used with alcohol.

Eat these foods to recover from LASIK

While it’s common knowledge that a well-balanced, nutritious diet is good for the whole body, did you know that the opposite — a bad diet — might harm your eyesight, particularly if you’re recuperating from LASIK eye surgery? The quality of the food, how it is prepared, and the amount ingested may all have a role in the development of eye diseases. As a result, we’ve developed a list of things to stay away from.

Meats that are very fatty

Rich cholesterol is typically caused by a diet high in processed meats high in saturated fat, such as red meat and sausage. Plaque builds up on the macular veins of the eyes as a consequence, restricting blood flow to the eyes. As a consequence, eating a lot of fatty meats may increase your risk of developing macular degeneration, a retinal illness that causes vision loss. This may also halt the progression of laser eye surgery.

Foods for Snacks Snack foods like chips, cookies, and sweets may have a negative impact on your eyesight if ingested in large or even moderate quantities. According to a recent research, the vegetable, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fats included in these meals enhance the risk of eye diseases in persons who eat them in large amounts. The excessive salt and sugar content of these meals, in addition to the unhealthy fats, has a negative impact on the health of the body’s organs and circulatory system, hindering blood and oxygen flow to the eyes.

Sugar A high-sugar diet is one of the most harmful to the eyes, particularly when it comes to laser eye surgery. Consuming large quantities of sugar on a regular basis raises your blood sugar, causing the lens of your eye to expand and distort your vision. Excess sugar consumption may lead to diabetes, which can lead to leaky blood vessels in the eyes, ocular hemorrhages, and potentially permanent vision loss.

Fried foods are foods that have been fried.

The heating and re-heating of frying oils changes their molecular structure, which is harmful to the whole body, including the eyes. Fried foods deplete the body of nutrients and release free radicals, which hurt eye cells and slow the healing process after LASIK surgery. Furthermore, eating fried foods weakens the heart and reduces blood circulation, both of which affect blood flow to the eyes and may lead to eyesight loss.

Eat these foods to recover from LASIK

Foods that are good for your eyes

Following your education on which foods to avoid in large amounts, here is a list of foods that may aid in the prevention of eye diseases:

  • Eggs
  • Citrus fruits and berries • Green, leafy veggies
  • DHA-rich salmon and other seafood (omega-3 fatty acid)

The following are some of the laser surgery risks:

• Eyes that are dry.

The LASIK eye surgery lowers tear production temporarily. As your eyes heal, they may seem particularly dry for the first six months or so after surgery. Your eyesight may be harmed by dry eyes.

To treat dry eyes, your eye doctor may prescribe eyedrops. If you have severe dry eyes, special plugs may be inserted in your tear ducts to prevent tears from draining away from the surface of your eyes.

• Halos, glare, and double vision are all common symptoms.

You may have problems seeing at night after LASIK eye surgery, which usually lasts a few days to a few weeks. Symptoms include increased sensitivity to light, glare, halos around bright lights, and double vision.

Even if you get a good visual result under standard testing conditions, your vision in dim light (such as at twilight or in fog) may be impaired to a greater degree than before surgery.

Undercorrections.

You will not attain the increased eyesight you seek if the laser damages inadequate tissue in your eye. Individuals who are nearsighted are more prone to need undercorrections. You may need another LASIK eye surgery within a year to remove additional tissue.

Overcorrections.

Furthermore, the laser may remove an excessive amount of tissue from your eye. It’s possible that fixing overcorrections is more difficult than correcting undercorrections.

Astigmatism.

The loss of tissue in an uneven manner may cause astigmatism. It’s possible that you’ll need further surgery, glasses, or contact lenses.

Problems with the flap.

Folding back or removing the flap from the front of your eye during surgery might cause problems including infection and excessive tears.

Regression.

The outermost corneal tissue layer underneath the flap may form improperly throughout the healing process. When your eyesight progressively returns to your previous prescription, this is known as regression. This is an issue that occurs seldom.

Eat these foods to recover from LASIK

Visual impairment or loss.

Surgical complications may also result in vision loss. Furthermore, some people may lose their ability to see as sharply or clearly as they did before.

Hazards are exacerbated by certain circumstances.

Certain medical conditions might increase the risks of LASIK surgery or make the result less predictable.

Your doctor may not recommend laser refractive surgery if you have certain conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or a weakened immune system caused by immunosuppressive medications or HIV.

  • Drugs, hormonal changes, pregnancy, nursing, or old age have all caused recent alterations in eyesight.
  • Corneal inflammation, lid irregularities, eye injuries, or eye diseases such uveitis, herpes simplex in the eye, glaucoma, or cataracts.

If you have an eye illness that causes the cornea to thin and bulge, or if you: 

  • Have a family history of it 
  • Have pretty decent overall vision 
  • Have severe nearsightedness, LASIK surgery is typically not indicated.
  • Participate in contact sports that may include blows to the face 
  • Have excessively big pupils or thin corneas 
  • Have age-related eye changes that cause vision to become less clear

If you’re thinking about LASIK eye surgery, talk to your doctor about your worries and questions. Your doctor will evaluate whether you are a good candidate for this or similar procedures.

Methods of preparation

There are many things you may do to be ready for surgery, including the following:

Estimate how much surgery will cost.

Most insurance companies will not cover the cost of LASIK eye surgery since it is deemed elective. Prepare to pay for your expenses with your own money.

Arrange for return transportation.

You’ll need transportation to and from the surgery center. You may have lingering symptoms from the medicine you were given before to surgery, and your vision may be blurry.

Leave your eyeshadow at home.

Avoid applying eye makeup, creams, scents, or lotions the day before and the day of your surgery. In the days leading up to surgery, your doctor may encourage you to brush your eyelashes daily or more often to remove debris and lower your risk of infection.